Educators and other agencies use a lot of acronyms. Sometimes it's hard to tell ACT from ALT. Here's a handy list of acronyms so, you too, can "speak Cherry Creek."
|Applied Behavioral Analysis
||Health Occupation Student Association|
|Applied Verbal Behavior
|A & E
|Assessment and Evaluation
||Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning|
|American College Testing
|Americans with Disabilities Act
||International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme|
|Achievement Level Test
||Incident Command System|
||Individuals with Disabilities Education Act|
|American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
||Individual Education Plan|
|Association of School Business Officials International
||Integrated Learning Center|
|American School Counselor Association
||Instructional Technology Leadership Cohort|
||Individual School and Department Budgets|
|Advancement Via Individual Determination
||Instructional Support Facility|
|Adequate Yearly Progress
||Institute of Science and Technology|
|Board of Education
||Intensive Treatment Program|
|Computers for Teachers
||Joint School Districts|
|Comprehensive Annual Financial Report
||Kindergarten Enrichment Program|
|Computer Aided Design
||Key Performance Indicators|
|Community Asset Project
||Local Area Network |
|Colorado Achievement Plan for Kids
|Collaborative Action Research for Equity
||Limited English Proficient|
|Concern, Assistance, Responsibility, and Empowerment Line
||Long-Range Facilities Planning Committee|
|Cherry Creek Academy
||Multicultural Advisory Council|
|Colorado Commission of Higher Education
||Measures of Academic Progress|
|Cherry Creek Community Legislative Network
||Median Growth Percentile|
|Cherry Creek School District
||No Child Left Behind Act|
|Colorado Department of Education
|Colorado Council of Teachers of Mathematics
||National Forensic League|
||National Incident Management System|
|Commercial Driver’s License
||Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test|
|Colorado English Language Assessment
||National School Lunch Program|
|Colorado High School Activities Association
||Orientation and Mobility Specialist|
|Children’s Internet Protection Act
|Curriculum Integration Services
||Partnership for Academically Successful Students|
|Consumer Price Index
||Positive Behavior System|
|Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers
|Colorado Preschool Program
||Public Employees’ Retirement Association|
|Colorado Revised Statutes
||Primary Home Language Other Than English|
|Colorado Student Assessment Program
|Colorado School Districts’ Self Insurance Pool
||Parent Information Network|
|Career and Technical Education
|District Accountability Committee
||Parent Teacher Organization|
|Drug Abuse Resistance Education
||Parent Teacher Community Organization|
|Distributive Education Clubs of America
||Postsecondary and Workforce Readiness|
|District Equity Leadership Team
||Recognized ASCA Model Program|
|Dynamic Indicator of Basic Literacy Skills
||Relationship Development Intervention|
|Developmental Reading Assessment
||Response to Intervention|
|Digital Video Disc
|District Performance Plan
|Digital Video Recorder
||Student Achievement Incentive Plan|
|Education and Behavior Consultant
||School Accountability Report|
|Effective Buying Income
||Student Achievement Services |
|Early Childhood Education
||Student Achievement Specialist|
|Exceptional Children’s Education Act
||State Assigned Student Identifier|
|Extended Child Services
||Scholastic Assessment Test|
||Special Education Advisory Committee|
|Educator Initiative Grant
||Significant Identifiable Emotional Disability|
|English Language Acquisition
||School Improvement Plan|
|English Language Learners
||Student Information System|
|English Language Proficiency Act
||Safety, Ownership, Attitude, Respect|
|Emergency Response and Crisis Management
||School Performance Framework|
|Enterprise Resource Planning
||Scholastic Reading Inventory|
|English as a Second Language
||School Resource Officers|
|Educational Technology/Information Literacy
||Student Success & Multicultural Services|
|Future Business Leaders of America
||Staff Training Assistance and Renewal|
|Federal Communications Commission
||Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Education Coalition|
|Family, Career, and Community Leaders of America
||School to Work Alliance Program|
|Fluent English Proficient
||Teacher Assistant (also referred to as Para-Educator)|
|Full Time Equivalent
||Taxpayer’s Bill of Rights|
|Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
||Treatment & Education of Autistic & related Communication-handicapped Children|
|Governmental Accounting Standards Board
||Technology Student Association|
|Government Finance Officers Association
||Video Cassette Recorder|
|Gifted and Talented
||Vision Service Providers|
|Guaranteed and Viable Curriculum
||Wide Area Network|
|Guaranteed and Viable Technology
||Youth Advisory Board|
1 Registered Trademark of ACT, Inc.
2 Registered Trademark of Reading Recovery Council of
North America, Inc.
Abatements are complete or partial cancellations of a tax levy. Abatements usually apply to tax levies, special assessments, and service charges.
The Access Success endeavor is to strengthen and improve the Cherry Creek School District high schools in ways that will increase our graduates' opportunities to access a college education, and ensure academic success at the college or university level.
A computer based adaptive placement test that provides information about student academic skills in math, English, and reading. It is used by many colleges and universities to place students in freshman classes.
A record used to summarize all increases and decreases in an asset, liability, fund equity, revenue, or expenditure.
Accrual Basis of Accounting
A method of accounting under which revenue is recognized when earned and expenditures are recognized when incurred, regardless of the timing of related cash flows.
The activity provides the function and program components for reporting to the Colorado Department of Education. C.R.S. 22-44-110(1) and C.R.S. 22-44-105(4) require the Board of Education to review the functions and objects of the proposed budget and to collect comparable data by program and school site.
Ad Valorem Taxes
Taxes levied on the assessed valuation of real and personal property located within the boundaries of the District, which is the final authority in determining the amount to be raised for education purposes.
A fund used to account for assets held by a district or other governmental unit in a trustee capacity or as an agent for individuals, private organizations, other governmental units, and/or other funds.
Amendment 1 (TABOR Amendment)
An amendment to the Colorado Constitution approved by voters in November 1992, which limits governmental mill levies, revenue, and expenditures. Also referred to as the TABOR Amendment, which is the acronym for Taxpayers Bill of Rights.
An amendment to the Colorado Constitution approved
by voters in November 2000, which provides for state funding increases each year of at least the rate of inflation plus one percent for fiscal years 2001-02 through 2010-11 and
annually by at least the rate of inflation for fiscal years thereafter. Other financial provisions relating to school district
funding are also included.
A budgeted amount of money, which is approved by the Board of Education via a resolution, to spend for designated purposes.
The current assessed valuation is based on 7.96 percent of the market value of residential property and 29 percent of market value of commercial property as determined by the Arapahoe County Assessor. Property taxes are paid on the basis of a property's assessed valuation, which is based on a percentage of the property's market value.
Forty developmental assets developed by the Search Institute that help students make choices in life and build school/community partnerships. This is a philosophy rather than a curriculum.
The average daily student attendance expressed as a percentage.
A 6th grade through high school elective program which prepares students in the academic middle with potential for
success in rigorous secondary curriculum for four-year college eligibility. It is based on writing as a tool of learning,
inquiry method and collaborative grouping. Three main components are academic instruction, tutorial support and motivational activities.
M is a core academic program that provides challenge for high achieving and motivated students.
A scientifically based, formative assessment system that “informs” the teaching and learning process by providing continuous student performance data and reporting on improvement to parents, teachers, and administrators. It enables evidence-based evaluation and data-driven instruction and is used to screen students against
established benchmarks and monitor student progress.
Average Cost Per Student
Total site level budget for regular educational services, divided by the projected full-time equivalent (FTE) student enrollment. Average cost per student will fluctuate due to various factors: length of service and additional education for professional staff members, differences in utility costs, and basic staffing requirements.
A budget with total expenditures not exceeding total revenue and monies available in the fund balance within an individual fund.
The Board, in accordance with state law, shall adopt and approve a written code of conduct for students based on the principle that every student is expected to show respect for and to obey persons in authority. The code shall also emphasize that certain behavior, especially behavior that disrupts the classroom and learning environment, is unacceptable and may result in disciplinary action. The code shall be enforced uniformly, fairly and consistently for all students.
In general, bond issues are voted to pay the cost of school construction. The items, which these funds can be used for, are stated on the ballot when the issue is presented to the people. Money can be spent only for these authorized purposes. Proceeds from bond issues cannot be used to pay the daily operating expenses of a school district.
A certificate of debt issued by the school district guaranteeing payment of the original investment plus interest by a specified future date. This is associated with costs for capital facilities.
An annual financial plan which identifies allocated dollar amounts that will be spent and revenue that will be generated over a given period of time. The Cherry Creek School District budget specifies the type and level of services by activity,
and object for each fund, school and department.
Budget Override Election
C.R.S. 22-54-108 allows for the authorization of additional local revenue. A district may submit for voter approval, a request to raise and expend additional local property tax revenue, subject to the limitations specified within the law. The request shall be submitted at an election held in accordance with section 20 of Article X of the state constitution and Title 1, C.R.S.
The Bully-Proofing Your School Program is a comprehensive bully prevention program, which focuses on converting the silent majority of students into a caring majority by teaching them strategies to avoid victimization
and take a stand for a bully-free school. As part of the Cherry Creek School District's safety plan, implementation of the Bully-Proofing Program is required in all elementary and middle schools in the District. The program includes six basic components: staff training, student instruction, support of the victims, interventions with the bullies, systems interventions, and the development of a positive, caring climate within the school.
Capital Outlay (Expenditures)
An expenditure that results in the acquisition of fixed assets or additions to fixed assets that are presumed to have a life expectancy of more than one year. Examples include expenditures for land or existing buildings, improvements of grounds, construction of buildings, additions to buildings, remodeling of buildings, furniture, vehicles, and equipment.
A program launched in the 2004-05 school year with a cadre of 20 teachers from schools in the District’s culturally diverse North area. These teachers implement “best practices” for working with students from different cultural backgrounds and evaluate the impact those practices have on student achievement.
720-554-CARE is a confidential, anonymous telephone number for students to call when they feel threatened at school, see or hear of dangerous behavior, or know of an unsafe situation. The acronym stands for Concern, Assistance, Responsibility, and Empowerment.
Categorical Programs are specific programs that are funded separately from the District's total program funding under the School Finance Act. Examples include Vocational Education, Special Education, Gifted and Talented, English Language Acquisition, and Pupil Transportation. State funds for categorical programs must be used specifically for the program and are generally distributed based on a formula prescribed by law.
Services provided to the District through one centralized department, including human resources, risk management, planning, communications, and information systems.
Certificates of Participation
Financial instruments issued to provide capital in return for payment of principal and interest.
A charter school in Colorado is a public school operated by a group of parents, teachers and/or community members as a semi-autonomous school of choice within a school district, operating under a contract or "charter" contract between the members of the charter school community and the local Board of Education.
Cherry Creek Educational Program
A year-round educational program at the Marvin W. Foote Youth Services Center designed to provide an individualized, relevant, positive, and stimulating educational experience for pre-adjudicated youth who are awaiting disposition on their charges.
Child Find is a federally mandated program that identifies, evaluates, and assists with locating services for children who may have special needs or developmental delays. Some examples could include delay in talking, playing, interacting, seeing, hearing, thinking, or moving. For
the Cherry Creek School District, this program is designed for infants, toddlers, and preschoolers from birth to kindergarten
Colorado English Language Assessment (CELA)
The Colorado Department of Education has recently identified content standards in English proficiency for English language learners. Federal and state legislation have mandated a new English proficiency test, the CELA, to assess these standards. All kindergarten through twelfth grade students who have been identified as having a language background other than English in the state of Colorado will participate in a statewide assessment in the areas of English proficiency in reading, writing, speaking, listening and comprehension.
Colorado High School Activities Association
The Colorado High School Activities Association (CHSAA) is a voluntary association of member schools, which include public, private, and charter schools. The Association is the governing body for interscholastic athletics and activities in Colorado. It is responsible for establishing eligibility standards and other regulations for the student participants in the state.
Colorado State Model Content Standards
Challenging academic standards developed by the Colorado General Assembly and the State Board of Education, which are the foundation for Colorado's educational system.
Colorado Revised Statutes
Colorado Revised Statutes (C.R.S.) are the official, currently revised, laws of the State of Colorado.
Colorado Student Assessment Program
The Colorado Student Assessment Program (CSAP) is a standards-based assessment designed to provide a picture
of student performance to school districts, educators, parents, and the community. The primary purpose of the assessment program is to determine the level at which Colorado students meet the State Model Content Standards
in the content areas that are assessed. The CSAP results are used by educators to improve curricula, instruction, and individual student learning.
Foods donated by the United States Department of
Agriculture for use in Child Nutrition Programs.
Common assessments are measure-specific teaching targets that allow all children an equal chance to demonstrate their knowledge. They are administered across the District by course or by grade level.
Comprehensive School Safety Plan
All Cherry Creek Schools have functioning school safety teams that monitor the building plan for both psychological and physical safety. Major components of each school’s plan are assessment, prevention, intervention, and crisis response. Research collected by the U.S. Department of Education and published in “A Guide to Safe Schools”, has shown that effective prevention, intervention, and response efforts work to create a safe school environment. The District has implemented these concepts at each Cherry Creek School.
Consumer Price Index
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a statistical description of price levels provided by the U.S. Department of Labor. The index is used as a measure of cost of living and economic inflation.
Curriculum is all courses of study offered by an educational institution, or a group of related courses in a specific field of study, which allow students to acquire and integrate knowledge and skills.
Debt Service includes expenditures for the retirement of debt and expenditures for interest on debt.
An international association of marketing students enrolled in a Marketing Education program.
Depreciation is the systematic allocation of the cost basis of an asset to expense over the years or accounting periods making up its useful life.
An international extracurricular program offered to K-12 students that strives to teach creative problem solving strategies, teamwork, quick-decision making, and lifelong skills. The goal is to cultivate the creative problem solving process and make it an unconscious part of students’ everyday lives. This program develops Team Challenges and Instant Challenges. Teams of up to 7 members may spend several months perfecting a solution to the Team Challenge and resolve the Instant Challenge within a 5-8 minute timeframe. Team solutions are presented in local, regional and state competitions.
The forty building blocks of healthy development that help young people grow up to be healthy, caring, and responsible individuals as identified by the Search Institute. (The Search Institute is an independent nonprofit organization that generates and communicates new knowledge, and brings together community, state, and national leaders).
Developmental Pathways is a Colorado non-profit agency created to serve persons with developmental disabilities and their families. It was established in 1964 as a community-based alternative to institutional care. Since that time, Pathways has developed a broad array of services based on the principle that full inclusion and participation in community life is attainable for every individual with a developmental disability. Developmental Pathways serves citizens of Arapahoe and Douglas Counties, and the portion of Adams County within the City of Aurora city limits.
This term is used in the Designated Purpose Grants Fund, specifically Title I. Disadvantaged refers to the poverty rates of students enrolled in the districts which Title I uses as criteria to allocate its resources.
An annual rate reflecting the percentage of all students enrolled in grades 7-12 who leave school during the reporting period and are not known to transfer to other public or private schools.
A government plan directed by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) that provides discounts to eligible schools and libraries for telecommunication, Internet access, internal connection and basic maintenance services. Also known as the Schools and Libraries Program of the Universal Service Fund.
Compensation, in addition to regular salary, provided to an employee. This compensation includes such benefits as health insurance, life insurance, disability, and Public Employees' Retirement Association (PERA) contributions.
Purchase orders, contracts, and/or other commitments that are chargeable to an appropriation and for which a part of the appropriation is reserved.
A fund used to account for operations that are financed and operated in a manner similar to private business enterprises. The intent is that the cost of providing services to the general public be financed or recovered primarily through user charges or where it has been decided that periodic determination of revenue earned, expenses incurred, and/or net income is appropriate.
Payments guaranteed by the state legislature to eligible recipients for a certain period of time. The primary example is state equalization program payments.
Equalization Program Funding
The financial base of support for public education for school districts in Colorado as calculated by the Public School Finance Act. Equalization Program funding is provided by a combination of state funding, local property taxes, and specific ownership taxes as determined under the provisions of the Public School Finance Act.
Equalization Program Funding Per Pupil
The total equalization program funding of a district, as provided and amended under the Public School Finance Act, divided by the District's funded pupil count.
Newly defined standards essential to the District’s goal of raising the achievement of all students and ensuring that all students meet them. These benchmarks are defined for each core content area of Reading, Writing, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies.
Number of students officially denoted using State- defined racial/ethnic group classifications, expressed as a percentage.
Excellence and Equity
The terms Excellence and Equity represent both the goals and focus of the District’s academic program. The goal of the District is to provide every student with excellent academic preparation that will allow the students to successfully complete a post-secondary college program. Accomplishment of this goal represents excellence in K-12 education. The Equity goal is to increase the achievement of all students while narrowing the gap between the highest and lowest achieving students, and eliminating the racial predictability of who occupies the highest and lowest performing groups.
The Exploreâ program is designed by ACT and linked to the ACT scale. Results provide a starting point for middle
school students, parents, and counselors to begin conversations about high school course planning toward
future college and career goals.
An organization of Future Business Leaders of America for students enrolled in a Business Education program.
An organization of Family, Career, and Community Leaders of America for students enrolled in a Family and Consumer Sciences program.
Fluent English Proficient (FEP)
English Language Learners who are able to understand and communicate effectively with various audiences on a wide range of familiar and new topics to meet social and academic demands. They are able to achieve in content areas comparable to native English speakers, but may still need limited linguistic support.
Fiscal Year is a 12-month accounting period, which, for Cherry Creek School District, begins July 1st and ends the following June 30th.
Land, buildings, machinery, furniture, and other equipment that the District intends to hold or continue to use over a multi-year period.
4 Registered Trademark of ACT, Inc.
Schools operated by the school district with a special focus or educational program such as a Montessori school or a Math/Music/Science school.
Full Time Equivalent
Full Time Equivalent (FTE) is used for both student and employee information. For student enrollment purposes, full time equivalent is based on the portion of a day that a student spends in an instructional setting. Half-day kindergarten students are considered .5 FTE. For staff position purposes, full time equivalent is based on the employee's work requirement in comparison to a whole day. A kindergarten teacher, for one session, teaching only half a day is considered a .5 FTE.
A fund is a fiscal and accounting entity, with a self- balancing set of accounts recording revenue, expenditures, financial resources, and all related liabilities and fund equities.
Fund Balance (Fund Equity)
Fund balance is the excess of assets (revenue) over liabilities (expenditures) of a fund.
Funded Pupil Count
A district's pupil count, for funding purposes, under the current School Finance Act, which provides for an October 1 enrollment count within a district's school year. The funded pupil count is expressed in full time equivalent (FTE) pupils. An FTE count is designed to reflect the amount of time a student spends in an instructional setting.
This 1982 state constitutional amendment requires that the residential property share of the total assessed value in the state be stabilized at approximately 45 percent of the total. This stabilization is done by decreasing the residential percentage used to determine residential assessed values. The current valuation ratios are 7.96 percent of the market value for residential properties and 29 percent of market for commercial properties.
Governmental Designated Purpose Grants
Grants received from federal, state, or local
governments, or private sources to be used for a specific and designated purpose.
A generic classification adopted by the National Council on Governmental Accounting to refer to all funds other than proprietary and fiduciary funds. General fund, special
revenue funds, capital projects funds, debt service funds and special assessment funds are all examples of governmental
Graduation Rate (High Schools Only)
Number of students, who completed locally defined requirements for graduation from high school, expressed as a percentage. The rate is a cumulative or longitudinal rate
that calculates the number of students who actually graduate as a percentage of those who were in membership and could
have graduated over a four-year period.
Guaranteed and Viable Curriculum
Guaranteed and Viable Curriculum refers to the opportunity for all students to learn specific, identified content associated with each grade level or course (guaranteed), and the realistic ability for teachers to be able to provide instruction of that curriculum (viable) within the time
structures of a school day or year.
An objective of Title II is to ensure that all teachers of core academic subjects are “highly qualified”. This requires that all teachers have state certification, hold a bachelor’s degree, and have demonstrated subject area competency. Core subjects include English, reading or language arts, mathematics, science, foreign languages, civics and government, economics, arts, history, and geography.
Hold Harmless District (Eliminated in 1995)
The Public School Finance Act of 1994 included a "hold harmless" provision. Under hold harmless, any district that would receive less revenue per pupil than was allocated the previous year, would receive the previous year's revenue per pupil for all students currently enrolled. New students, from increased enrollment, would be funded at the lower per pupil amount resulting from the formula in the School Finance Act. Cherry Creek School District was in a hold harmless status under the previous 1988 and the 1994 School Finance Act. This hold harmless provision was eliminated in 1995. The District is now eligible to receive an increase for inflation for
all enrolled pupils. The District is no longer in a hold harmless status.
A Health Occupation Student Association for students enrolled in a Health Sciences program.
Incident Command System
A management tool used to manage and control critical incidents or special events, which allows First Responders and school personnel to work together in response to emergency situations. This system is a part of the National Incident Management System (NIMS), and is required by law (SB-181) to be integrated into the District’s Emergency Response Crisis Management policy, plan, and operational procedures.
Instruction includes the activities dealing with the teaching of pupils.
Off-campus facilities that serve specially identified high
Local tax rates against property are always computed in school students not succeeding in the regular classroom. Services are provided in a small-group setting with teachers/counselors.
Instructional Supplies and Materials
Instructional supplies and materials include, but are not limited to textbooks, library books, periodicals, and other supplies and materials associated with instructional activities.
Money taken from one fund and added to another fund. Inter-fund transfers are not receipts or expenditures of the District.
International Baccalaureate Organization
The International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO), founded in 1968, is a recognized leader in the field of international education. It is a non-profit, mission-driven foundation that works with over 1,700 schools to develop and offer three challenging programs in over 120 countries to approximately 200,000 students.
Kindergarten Enrichment Program
A program offered under Extended Child Services (ECS) that provides enrichment for kindergarten children. This program allows students to participate in hands-on, valuable experiences, reading, story time, art, music, field trips, cooking, and imaginative and creative play. Program hours are offered in addition to regular kindergarten school hours.
Contractual agreements that are termed leases, but that in substance are purchase contracts.
Limited English Proficient (LEP)
English Language Learners who are able to understand and be understood in many to most social communication situations. They are gaining increasing competence in the more cognitively demanding requirements of content areas; however, they are not yet ready to fully participate in academic content areas without linguistic support.
Link Crew is a high school program that provides a structure in each high school where students make real connection with each other. Built on the belief that students can help their peers succeed, Link Crew trains upper classmen to be Link Leaders at their schools. As positive role models, these high school leaders are motivators, leaders
and teachers who guide the freshmen to discover what it takes to be successful in high school and beyond. The year
begins with a spirited and interactive new student orientation
(Link Crew 9th grade students) at the start of the school year. The goal of the day is to welcome the new students to their new campus and encourage them to think about the path
they will take in the years to come.
mills. A mill is one one-thousandth (.001) of a dollar taxable value. One mill produces $1 in tax income for every $1,000 of property (taxable value).
The rate of taxation based on dollars per thousand of taxable value.
A mission statement is an entity’s statement of its focus and priority or a summary describing the aims, values, and overall plan of an organization or individual.
Mobility rate is a calculation that reflects the total change in student enrollment over the full school year. The number of incoming students is added to the number of students who have left. That sum is divided by the number of students who are enrolled on the last day of school.
Modified Accrual Basis
The accrual basis of accounting adapted to the governmental fund-type measurement focus. Under it, revenue and other financial resource increments are recognized when they become susceptible to accrual, which is when they become both "measurable" and "available to finance expenditures of the current period". Expenditures are recognized when the fund liability is incurred. Inventories of materials and supplies may be considered expenditures either when purchased or when used. Prepaid insurance and similar items may be considered expenditures either when paid for or when consumed.
Several different types of evidence used to assess an individual's knowledge, skills, and level of performance.
Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test
The Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test (NNAT), uses progressive matrices to measure students’ overall ability without the use of language. Bright, attractive, and engaging to students, the NNAT uses items consisting of shapes and designs that are not unique to any cultural group. This assures that it is a fair, effective test for use with a wide variety of students, regardless of their educational experiences, cultural background, or language background. The NNAT is unbiased for students with hearing impairment or children with impaired color vision.
Naviance®5 College Planning Tool
A computer based program that is available to all high school students in the District to facilitate their college planning.
5 Registered Trademark of Naviance, Inc.
In January 2002, President Bush signed the federal No
Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act into law, which reauthorized
the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. This new law revised the framework that Colorado will use to comply with the sweeping reforms. The NCLB Act contains four basic education reform principles:
- stronger accountability for results
- increased flexibility and local control
- expanded options for parents and
- emphasis on teaching methods that have been proven to work
Non-English Proficient (NEP)
English Language Learners who are just beginning to understand and respond to simple routine communication through those who can respond with more ease to a variety of social communication tasks.
An accounting and budgeting account code used to record expenditures for a specific category of salaries, employee benefits, and goods or services purchased.
Operations and Maintenance
Activities keeping the physical plant of the school facilities open, comfortable and safe for use, and keeping the grounds, building, and equipment in an effective working condition and state of repair.
Pacing documents provide teachers with the progress of curriculum delivery at various points in the school year. These documents include information, which determines if the appropriate amount of curriculum has been covered by
the end of each grading period. They are used in conjunction with the newly defined “Essential Benchmarks.”
Path is the upper elementary version of the AVID program designed for 4th and 5th grade students. It is embedded in the core curriculum and is intended to provide
all students with access to a path of success. The program has been enhanced for 5th grade to include time management, listening, and organizational skills to achieve
more in the classroom.
Per Pupil Revenue
The equalization program funding of a district determined in accordance with the provisions of the Public School Finance Act, as amended; divided by the funded pupil count of the district.
Refers to a task or situation in which students are given an opportunity to demonstrate their understanding and thoughtfully apply knowledge and skills. The approach requires students to construct their own responses to questions or prompts rather than to select from alternatives that are presented. Performance assessments are developed in a variety of contexts to represent the multifaceted nature of a proficiency area.
Each performance level represents a range of scale scores that determine where the child is performing on each CSAP assessment. For a child to make a year’s growth, he/she would need to maintain the same performance level attained the prior year. There are ten levels: unsatisfactory, unsatisfactory high, partially proficient low, partially proficient, partially proficient high, proficient low, proficient, proficient high, advanced low, and advanced.
As a "pre-ACT" test, PLAN is a powerful predictor of success on the ACT Assessment®. The PLAN program helps 10th graders build a solid foundation for future academic and career success and provides information
needed to address school districts' high-priority issues. It is a comprehensive guidance resource that helps students measure their current academic development, explore career/training options, and make plans for the remaining years of high school and post-graduation years.
A collection of student work used to set improvement goals, show student progress, and demonstrate achievement. Portfolios are sometimes used for reporting to parents and other educators.
Fully integrated administrative student information system written by Apple Computer and accessible by students, parents and District personnel.
The general property tax is levied on land and buildings located within a school district. Every owner of private and business property in the district, including public utilities, pays this tax. Property owned by governmental, charitable, and religious institutions is exempt from taxation.
Public School Finance Act
C.R.S. 22-54-101, et seq., enacted in 1994 seeks to provide for a thorough and uniform system of public schools throughout the state. It requires that all school districts operate under the same finance formula. Equity considerations dictate that all districts are subject to the expenditure and maximum levy provisions of this act. Under the previous 1988 act, Colorado's 178 school districts were classified into eight categories with similar characteristics for funding purposes. The 1994 act, created under House Bill
94-1001, replaces the eight setting category groups with individually determined school district per pupil funding
amounts. The 1995 legislature revised the 1994 act with the passage of House Bill 95-1327. This bill eliminated the hold
harmless status of school district funding, provided for an increase for inflation, and provided for partial property tax
equity for Cherry Creek School District.
6 Registered Trademark of ACT, Inc.
Public Employees' Retirement Association
Public Employees' Retirement Association (PERA) provides retirement and other benefits to the employees of government agencies and public entities in the State of Colorado. Established by state law in 1931, PERA operates by authority of the Colorado General Assembly and is administered under Title 24, Article 51 of the Colorado Revised Statutes. It serves as a substitute for social security and uses actuarially established investment objectives with long-term goals and policies.
Pupil Activities Fund
This fund is provided to account for financial transactions related to school-sponsored pupil intra- and inter-scholastic athletic and activity related events.
Pupil enrollment can be presented as the full actual count or on a full time equivalent (FTE) basis.
Amounts paid for personal services rendered by personnel, who are not on the District's payroll, and other services, which the District may purchase.
Reading Recovery is a highly effective short-term intervention of one-on-one tutoring for low-achieving first graders. The intervention is most effective when it is available to all students who need it and is used as a supplement to good classroom teaching. The program is made available through the Reading Recovery Council of North America.
Referendum C, also known as the Colorado Economic and Recovery Act, allowed a portion of the tax revenue collected by the state to be available in the State budget to boost the economy during a time of recession. In November
2005, the voters of Colorado approved the ballot proposal known as Referendum C. This change allows the state to retain and spend the money it collects beyond a newly established set limit, for education and healthcare purposes over the next five years.
Retained earnings is an equity account that reflects the accumulated earnings of an enterprise.
Funds received, generally from taxes or from a state or federal funding program, which are not loans and which do not cause an increase in a liability account.
Scoring guides for evaluating student work and for providing common agreement on evaluating performance. A set of statements explaining the criteria for specific level of performance.
7 Registered Trademark of Reading Recovery Council of
North America, Inc.
Amounts paid to employees of the District who are considered to be in positions of a permanent nature or hired temporarily, including personnel substituting for those in permanent positions.
Scholastic Reading Inventory
SRI is a research-based, computer-adaptive reading assessment for Grades K-12 that measures and reports students’ level of reading comprehension. Data results are used to monitor progress toward Annual Yearly Progress (AYP), place students, differentiate instruction, and forecast state test results.
Total site level budget amount for regular educational services. The budget is based on a number of student costs as well as staffing ratios, projected needs, and contracted services. The budget includes costs of regular instruction, administration, mental health staff, teacher assistants, technicians, staff support, nurses, secretarial staff, and custodians. Most Student Achievement Services costs are
not included in the site budget. Average costs per student will vary by school due to various factors: length of service and
additional education for professional staff members,
differences in utility costs, and basic staffing requirements (e.g., all schools have a building engineer, nurse, etc., regardless of student enrollment).
School of Choice
Colorado law allows students to enroll under open enrollment at a non-resident school, also known as School of Choice. These schools include Charter and Institute Charter schools, Home schools, Online schools, Magnet/Focus/Option/Contract schools, and Private schools.
School Improvement Plan
A comprehensive plan that contains measurable goals and annual action plans for the improvement of student achievement and the learning environment of the building. Each school reviews their data, identifies areas for improvement, and develops an action plan based on those goals. The school is responsible for monitoring implementation and success of the plan on a routine basis.
The underwriting of one's own insurance rather than purchasing coverage from a private provider, by identifying specific areas of risk and assessing actuarially sound charges.
A partnership of students, teachers, and industry,
working together in Pre-engineering, Automotive Technology, and Technical Sciences.
Special Revenue Fund
A fund established to account for the proceeds of specific revenue sources, including revenue requiring separate accounting due to legal or regulatory provisions that restrict expenditures to specified purposes. The Designated Purpose Grants, Extended Child Services, and Pupil
Activities Funds are examples of special revenue funds.
An annual tax imposed upon each taxable item of personal property, including motor vehicles.
A curriculum-based program developed by the College Board for students in grades 6 to 12. Components align with state standards to ensure students have the essential knowledge and problem-solving skills in Language Arts and Mathematics.
The enrollment less the number of "outgoing" students since the beginning of the school year, divided by the number of students enrolled.
State Assigned Student Identifier
The state began using this system in 2003-04 to track all students by an individual ID #. This allows for more accurate accounting for the graduation and dropout rates while maintaining the privacy of a student’s social security number.
State Equalization Aid
A school district's state aid, under the current school finance act, is equal to its total equalization program funding less the local share. The Public School Finance Act of 1994 requires the school district local share to be the revenue based on the annual property tax levy plus the amount of specific ownership tax other than the portion of the specific ownership tax attributable to a bond redemption tax levy or an operating revenue override tax levy.
Student Achievement Services
Those activities designed to assess and improve the well-being of students and to supplement the teaching process. Programs offered include those that serve students with disabilities and exceptional needs.
Major unique or additional programs available at the site (may or may not be at other sites), for specific students or for all students at the site.
Tax Assessment Year and Collection Year
The calendar year in which taxes are levied (December) is the tax assessment year. The calendar year in which tax bills are sent out (January) is the tax collection year. The calendar year tax bills, based on December 2012 tax assessments and billed in January 2013, are reflected as revenue to the District in fiscal year 2012-13.
A government body, such as a city, county, or school board, with authority to levy property tax.
Amount levied by a government to finance services performed for the common benefit.
Title I is a federal program intended to accelerate students who are below grade level in reading and math by providing extra instruction beyond the regular classroom. It is funded with federal dollars from the original Improving America’s Schools Act, now known as the “No Child Left Behind Act.”
Title II, Part A
Title II, Part A is a federal program that requires all states to develop plans with annual measurable objectives that ensures all teachers of core academic subjects are highly qualified. They must have state certification (which may be alternative state certification), hold a bachelor’s degree, and have demonstrated subject area competency.
A transfer does not represent a purchase; rather, it is used to show that funds have been handled without having goods and services rendered in return. This includes transactions for interchanging or transferring money from one fund to another fund.
Services provided to transport pupils within the District and to maintain the District vehicles.
Supplies and materials include textbooks, library books,
A Technology Student Association for students enrolled and other instructional materials, office supplies, building maintenance parts, gasoline, tires, and custodial supplies. With the exception of some unique areas, such as maintenance supplies and transportation-related expenses, most materials are established in relation to the student population.
TABOR Amendment – See Amendment 1
The change expected from year to year in a student’s CSAP performance. Unsatisfactory and partially proficient students must improve by two or more performance levels to make their target gain. Proficient and advanced students must maintain or improve their performance level to make their target gain.
within STEM courses.